A 50-year review of psychological reactance theory: Do not read this article. - PsycNET
Psychological reactance theory (PRT; Brehm, 1966) posits that when something threatens or eliminates people’s freedom of behavior, they experience psychological reactance, a motivational state that drives freedom restoration. Complementing recent, discipline-specific reviews (e.g., Quick, Shen, & Dillard, 2013; Steindl, Jonas, Sittenthaler, Traut-Mattausch, & Greenberg, 2015), the current analysis integrates PRT research across fields in which it has flourished: social psychology and clinical psychology, as well as communication research.
If context is king, why has nudging ignored it so much?
Scale up toolkit
BehaviourWorks Australia and the Victorian Government Behavioural Insights Unit have developed an evidence-informed toolkit to help behavioural insights researchers and practitioners to start with scale up in mind, including how to: Learn about scale up, its challenges, and useful frameworks. Identify which behaviour to target with an intervention. Assess the feasibility of different intervention ideas. Select a scalable behaviour change intervention. Design or adapt an intervention for testing and scale up. Test scale up assumptions about your intervention in a pilot or trial. This website provides videos and tutorials on how to use the toolkit, and extra resources to help achieve behavioural impact at scale. All content will be iterated upon; we welcome feedback and the opportunity to develop better tools.
How I narrowly avoided an identity crisis: behavioral science vs. human-centered design | by Allison Wishner | Feb, 2021 | Medium
OSF | The COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Handbook.pdf
Our project tracks behavioural science evidence and advice about COVID-19 vaccine uptake. The handbook is for journalists, doctors, nurses, policy makers, researchers, teachers, students, parents – in short, it’s for everyone who wants to know more: about the COVID-19 vaccines, how to talk to others about them, how to challenge misinformation about the vaccines. The handbook is self-contained but additionally provides access to a Wiki of more detailed information, found here: https://sks.to/c19vax.
Water Pollution & Behavior Change Solutions | Solution Search - RARE
The Science of Changing Behavior for Environmental Outcomes - Behavior Change for the Environment – Rare
Philip Kotler: Marketing is the Original Behavioral Economics - Evonomics
Encouraging Social Compliance During COVID-19 - The Decision Lab
Certificate in Applied Behavioral Science Ethics | BehavioralEconomics.com | The BE Hub
Behavioural considerations for acceptance and uptake of COVID-19 vaccines: WHO technical advisory group on behavioural insights and sciences for health, meeting report, 15 October 2020
how and why the ‘don’t act like a dick’ campaign was created — comms2point0
3 Reasons Why You Should Be Using Influencers to Change Behavior
All that glitters is not gold - 8 ways behaviour change can fail
Before we dive in, here is a quick summary of the proposed taxonomy of behaviour change failures: No effect Backfiring Intervention is effective but it's offset by a negative side effect Intervention isn't effective but there's a positive side effect A proxy measure changes but not the ultimate target behaviour Successful treatment effect offset by later (bad) behaviour Environment doesn't support the desired behaviour change Intervention triggers counteracting forces
Indicators of retention in remote digital health studies: a cross-study evaluation of 100,000 participants | npj Digital Medicine
Can Shocking Images Persuade Doubters of COVID's Dangers? - Scientific American
Segmenting Adults to Change Nutrition Behaviors | Agents of Change Summit 2020 - YouTube
Oxfam rolls out its answer to the tippy tap | Devex
UK government messaging on Covid-19: Five principles and recommendations for a COVID communication reset | Independent SAGE
Five principles for an effective COVID-19 lexicon 1. Messaging never merely provides factual information – communication unavoidably conveys many assumptions (the subtext, indirect meanings, inferences, and implications). 2. Messaging should be lexically and grammatically precise and thus easy to enact and adhere to. 3. Messaging should be ‘irony-resistant’. 4. ‘Branding’ or sloganeering should not come at the expense of clarity and precision. 5. Messaging should be underpinned by evidence about what is effective.
SocArXiv Papers | A systematic review of conservation efforts using non-monetary, non-regulatory incentives to promote voluntary behaviour change
Fighting climate change with behavioural insights | UBC Sauder School of Business
SHIFT is an acronym for five psychological factors that make consumers more inclined to engage in pro-environmental behaviours: social influence, habit formation, individual self, feelings and cognition, and tangibility.
Learning from Behavioural Changes That Fail: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
The behavioural change enterprise disproportionately focuses on promoting successes at the expense of examining the failures of behavioural change interventions. We review the literature across different fields through a causal explanatory approach to identify structural relations that impede (or promote) the success of interventions. Based on this analysis we present a taxonomy of failures of behavioural change that catalogues different types of failures and backfiring effects. Our analyses and classification offer guidance for practitioners and researchers alike, and provide critical insights for establishing a more robust foundation for evidence-based policy. Behavioural change techniques are currently used by many global organisations and public institutions. The amassing evidence base is used to answer practical and scientific questions regarding what cognitive, affective, and environment factors lead to successful behavioural change in the laboratory and in the field. In this piece we show that there is also value to examining interventions that inadvertently fail in achieving their desired behavioural change (e.g., backfiring effects). We identify the underlying causal pathways that characterise different types of failure, and show how a taxonomy of causal interactions that result in failure exposes new insights that can advance theory and practice.
This Is How To Change Someone’s Mind: 6 Secrets From Research - Barking Up The Wrong Tree
Again: you don’t convince people. People convince themselves. Studies done as far back as the 1940’s by Kurt Lewin showed that lectures about why people should change their behavior were effective a measly 3% of the time. But when people self-generated reasons for the same activity, behavior change occurred 37% of the time. People reject ideas they are given and act on ideas they feel they came up with themselves.
Investigating which behaviour change techniques work for whom in which contexts delivered by what means: Proposal for an international collaboratory of Centres for Understanding Behaviour Change (CUBiC) - Armitage - - British Journal of Health Psychology
Includes “periodic table“ of behavior change techniques
USING THE BEHAVIOUR CHANGE WHEEL FRAMEWORK WITHIN GENDER-FOCUSED INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES: A Field Guide
Designing Achievements in Gamification Systems - Facebook Live Video
Thammasat Design Center
COVID-19 and the ‘What-the-Hell’ Effect — What We Can Learn From Dieting and Safe Sex
Upstream: How to Solve Problems Before They Happen by Dan Heath « Dr. Doug Green
summary of key points of book
The Psychology of Design: 101 Cognitive Biases & Principles That Affect Your UX
Just-in-Time Adaptive Interventions and Adaptive Interventions – The Methodology Center
BIT Barrier Tool
Welcome to The Behavioural Insights Team’s Barrier Identification Tool. What is it: This tool will help you to identify and categorise the barriers to a behaviour that you’re trying to change. Step 1: The COM-B Model Overview - a behaviour change framework that can be used to identify barriers to behaviour. Step 2: Review a worked example of how this tool can be used to identify barriers to a behaviour. Step 3: Use the tool to identify barriers to a behaviour you’re trying to change.
Weight-Loss Tips: Why We Self-Sabotage (and How to Stop)
We fall off track because a part of us isn’t sure that the goal we’re working toward is going to make our lives better. This causes inner conflict, and when there’s inner conflict, we do the easiest thing of all: nothing. I’ve presented this simple worksheet to many clients, and I’ve found that it helps determine what’s really holding them back.
What are the Limits of Building Better Habits? | Scott H Young
In particular, a focus on habits is useful when: The most effective approaches depend more on patiently persisting over long periods of time, rather than overcoming brief, but intense, obstacles. The behavior you want can eventually run in the background of your life, not requiring lots of deliberate thinking and effort. You’re looking to make long-term changes to your routine or lifestyle, rather than a temporary shift for particular circumstances. Understanding the limitations of habits is part of what makes them powerful. If you go in with the right expectations, you’ll be far more likely to make them stick.
It’s how you say it: Systematic A/B testing of digital messaging cut hospital no-show rates
The Little Book of Green Nudges | UNEP - UN Environment Programme
KAP COVID Dashboard - Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs
A checklist for prosocial messaging campaigns such as COVID-19 prevention appeals
A sustainable food system for the European Union | SAPEA
The evidence shows that this kind of behaviour change needs to happen collectively, not just individually. So we need joined-up governance at local, national and international levels. Food systems also contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. This can be addressed by reducing waste or directing it back into the supply chain. A mix of different measures will be most effective. The evidence shows that taxation is one of the most effective ways to modify behaviour. Accreditation and labelling schemes can also have an impact.
Five Years Later: Awareness Of New York City's Calorie Labels Declined, With No Changes In Calories Purchased - PubMed
How to win arguments and actually change someone’s mind
To become a better catalyst for change, Berger suggests to: Find the gaps. Rather than push or persuade someone, highlight a gap between their attitudes and their actions, and then get them to persuade themselves. For example: If someone is reluctant to wear a mask at work, ask them if they would wear one if their child or elderly parent were in the office. Ask why that same care or concern isn't present with their colleagues? Provide a “menu” of choices. Rather than unilaterally force a single solution on others, give people the freedom and autonomy to choose from a few options. This is one way to reduce people’s gut resistance, and again, help them persuade themselves. Cut through perceived risks. If people feel like a new idea is controversial or risky, explain your personal experience as to why you think it is more relatable and less extreme than they think.
Changing Tradition: Preventing Illness Associated with Chitterlings
The St-Louis du Parc Heart Health Project: a critical analysis of the reverse effects on smoking
case study of anti-smoking program for kids that backfired
COVID-19 and behaviour change. A literature review. | LinkedIn
not really a lit review, but covers key behavior change concepts and how they can be applied to covid
Development and Testing of a Short Form of the Patient Activation Measure
The Patient Activation Measure is a valid, highly reliable, unidimensional, probabilistic Guttman‐like scale that reflects a developmental model of activation. Activation appears to involve four stages: (1) believing the patient role is important, (2) having the confidence and knowledge necessary to take action, (3) actually taking action to maintain and improve one's health, and (4) staying the course even under stress. The measure has good psychometric properties indicating that it can be used at the individual patient level to tailor intervention and assess changes. (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2004.00269.x)
Octalysis: Complete Gamification Framework - Yu-kai Chou
Canadian researcher behind one-minute workout has a shorter option - The Globe and Mail
Do Stair Climbing Exercise “Snacks“ Improve Cardiorespiratory Fitness? - PubMed
Introducing the Ultimate Behavioral Science Playlist - Center for Advanced Hindsight
Crisis Communication Resource Guide: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
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