A large-scale field experiment shows giving advice improves academic outcomes for the advisor | PNAS
Common sense suggests that people struggling to achieve their goals benefit from receiving motivational advice. What if the reverse is true? In a preregistered field experiment, we tested whether giving motivational advice raises academic achievement for the advisor. We randomly assigned n = 1,982 high school students to a treatment condition, in which they gave motivational advice (e.g., how to stop procrastinating) to younger students, or to a control condition. Advice givers earned higher report card grades in both math and a self-selected target class over an academic quarter. This psychologically wise advice-giving nudge, which has relevance for policy and practice, suggests a valuable approach to improving achievement: one that puts people in a position to give.
Energy, and the choices we make as consumers. | LinkedIn - Guy Champniss
In other words, it’s not a question of consumer choices being made that are bad, but of whether consumer choice exists. So when we ask why we ‘choose (or not)' highly energy efficient products, maybe we should ask instead if we're actually ‘picking (or not)' super energy efficient products. Picking vs. choosing. This is not a question of semantics. Far from it.
Bias in the Spotlight: Hot-cold empathy gap | Research World
But does it change behaviour? - Koen Smets - Medium
Some interventions are so obvious that they don’t need justifying. Or do they?
Behavioral Grooves » Matt Loper: Helping Patients Adhere to Medication Plans
Wellth does this by “giving” patients money at the start of each month to take their pills. To prove they’re on track, they use the Wellth app to take a photograph of their medicines in the palm of their hand. But every day that they miss, they are penalized in the form of fee, which nets them less money at the end of the month. This loss-contract model is gaining notoriety and it should be: Wellth discovered that positive incentives accounted for adherence rates around 60% while loss-contract models account for better than 90% adherence rates.
Increasing Vaccination: Putting Psychological Science Into Action
***Psychology offers three general propositions for understanding and intervening to increase uptake where vaccines are available and affordable. The first proposition is that thoughts and feelings can motivate getting vaccinated. Hundreds of studies have shown that risk beliefs and anticipated regret about infectious disease correlate reliably with getting vaccinated; low confidence in vaccine effectiveness and concern about safety correlate reliably with not getting vaccinated. We were surprised to find that few randomized trials have successfully changed what people think and feel about vaccines, and those few that succeeded were minimally effective in increasing uptake. The second proposition is that social processes can motivate getting vaccinated. Substantial research has shown that social norms are associated with vaccination, but few interventions examined whether normative messages increase vaccination uptake. Many experimental studies have relied on hypothetical scenarios to demonstrate that altruism and free riding (i.e., taking advantage of the protection provided by others) can affect intended behavior, but few randomized trials have tested strategies to change social processes to increase vaccination uptake. The third proposition is that interventions can facilitate vaccination directly by leveraging, but not trying to change, what people think and feel. These interventions are by far the most plentiful and effective in the literature. To increase vaccine uptake, these interventions build on existing favorable intentions by facilitating action (through reminders, prompts, and primes) and reducing barriers (through logistics and healthy defaults); these interventions also shape behavior (through incentives, sanctions, and requirements). Although identification of principles for changing thoughts and feelings to motivate vaccination is a work in progress, psychological principles can now inform the design of systems and policies to directly facilitate action.
How You Can Have More Impact as a People Analyst
The IF/THEN Plan. — MoreThanNow
The IF/THEN Plan has helped people achieve all sorts of goals, including ones that are either habitual or automated. It has helped people deal with a fear of spiders (IF I see a spider, THEN I will keep calm). It has helped people score higher on IQ tests by completing them more efficiently (IF I complete a question, THEN I will move immediately to the next). It has even helped groups of business leaders make commercially advantageous decisions by overcoming confirmation bias. Again, this might seem strange, but let’s look to the evidence: In 2006, Peter Gollwitzer and a fellow researcher, Paschal Sheeran analysed 94 independent studies like the above, involving over 8000 participants and found a medium-to-large effect size of the IF/THEN Plan on goal attainment.
Earning Prizes for Fighting an Addiction - The New York Times
David Oliver wins gift cards for staying away from drugs. At St. Paul’s Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia — which treats more overdoses than any other hospital in Canada — a program rewards users of cocaine and other stimulants with prizes when they don’t use. It’s a new approach to help substance abusers, and it’s also being tried in Veterans Affairs hospitals across the United States.
CLAIM 1: It only takes 21-days to form a habit | Digital Psychology Training for UX, Design & Marketing
From my own experience, there appears to be a scientific trend (that I have not systematically evaluated) that successful behavior change programs tend to run for approximately 2-months, and that after this point, there is a large drop in adherence and impact. The big statistical meta-analysis that I carried out a few years back (http://www.jmir.org/2011/1/e17/), showed that online programs lasting more than 4 months, all failed. So as a rule of thumb, for most general purposes, 8-weeks is not a bad approximate time duration for many programs.
Getting to the Critical Few Behaviors That Can Drive Cultural Change
Defensible decisions: wicked problems need more than a nudge | The Mandarin
Can Teenage Defiance Be Manipulated for Good? - The New York Times
Trash talking behaviour change | Contagious Truth
Nudges That Fail by Cass R. Sunstein :: SSRN
What Makes Interventions Last? Behavioral Science & Policy Association
"This is the question that Todd Rogers and I explore in our paper, “Persistence: How Treatment Effects Persist After Interventions Stop”, published in Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences. We propose a framework for understanding how and when interventions may lead to persistent behavior change. Specifically, we identify four “pathways”, or features of interventions, that may explain why some interventions are successful at generating persistent behavior changes. These pathways include (1) habit formation, (2) changing what or how people think, (3) changing future costs, and (4) external reinforcement"
HMRC asks tax avoiders to promise to be good - FT.com
The Deeper Truth of the ‘truth’ Campaign: Influence is Bigger than Persuasion | Rob Gould | LinkedIn
How to Use Behavioral Triggers to Spur Social Media Actions | Social Media Examiner
Challenging the Public Stigma of Mental Illness: A Meta-Analysis of Outcome Studies
Earning smiles, tears and goosebumps - HXP Health Experience Project | HXP Health Experience Project
'Just say no' campaigns could have opposite effect - Telegraph
What Darwin Can Teach Government - Positive Deviancy
Five Steps to Nonprofit Messaging Success | Nonprofit Marketing | Getting Attention
In Kansas, Climate Skeptics Embrace Green Energy - Series - NYTimes.com
Does one Hug, Shove or Smack as well as Nudge? « The Campaign Company’s Blog
The Ben Franklin School of Persuasion
Emotion-Based Messages: WIC - Touching Hearts, Touching Minds
Making Change Happen: The Marketing Approach
The power of positive deviants - The Boston Globe
Public Health 2.0: Re-Mixing Public Health Narrative Report « Nomadologies
The Design with Intent Toolkit v.0.9
Design Thinking, Social Marketing and Behavior Change
GOOD » Tricking People into Doing the Right Thing»
Discovering the Activation Point
A downloadable publication for people in social change organizations that focuses on strategies for mobilizing concerned people to supportive action by identifying and leveraging their activation points. (via Guy Kawasaki)
Social Marketing Strategies for Campus Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
Higher Education Center for Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drugs
www.digitalwkshop.com - A Site for Social Marketing
out of the box thinking from Bob Belinoff