A theoretical framework of decision making explaining the mechanisms of nudging - ScienceDirect
We present a theoretical model to clarify the underlying mechanisms that drive individual decision making and responses to behavioral interventions, such as nudges. The model provides a theoretical framework that comprehensively structures the individual decision-making process applicable to a wide range of choice situations. We also identify the mechanisms behind the effectiveness of behavioral interventions—in particular, nudges—based on this structured decision-making process. Hence, the model can be used to predict under which circumstances, and in which choice situations, a nudge is likely to be effective.
Applied Behavioral Science: A four-part model | by Matt Wallaert | Behavioral Design Hub | Medium
I propose a four-stage model below that balances an understanding that each part is essential with the need to break it down into units of work that can be spread across internal teams and external vendors when necessary. But be warned: each handoff increases the potential for loss, particularly when there is an incomplete understanding of the adjoining stages. A tightly integrated process managed by people who understand the end-to-end process will always have the greatest likelihood of creating meaningful behavior change; that we can name the parts should not detract from the need for a whole. Behavioral Strategy: the defining of a desired behavioral outcome, with population, motivation, limitations, behavior, and measurement all clearly demarcated. Plain version: figuring out what “works” and “worth doing” mean in behavioral terms by collaborating with stakeholders. Behavioral Insights: the discovery of observations about the pressures that create current behaviors, both quantitative and qualitative. Plain version: figure out why people would want to do the behavior and why they aren’t already by talking to them individually and observing their behavior at scale. Behavioral Design: the design of proposed interventions, based on behavioral insights, that may create the pre-defined behavioral outcome. Plain version: design products, processes, etc. to make the behavior more likely. Behavioral Impact Evaluation: the piloting (often but not always using randomized controlled trials) of behavioral interventions to evaluate to what extent they modify the existing rates of the pre-defined behavioral outcomes. Plain version: figure out whether the products, processes, etc. actually make the behavior more likely. Behavioral Science: combining all four of those processes. Plain version: behavior as an outcome, science as a process.
TARPARE: A method for selecting target audiences for public health interventions
How a 'tragically flawed' paradigm has derailed the science of obesity
We argue that the reason so little progress has been made against obesity and type 2 diabetes is because the field has been laboring, quite literally, in the sense intended by philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn, under the wrong paradigm. This energy-in-energy-out conception of weight regulation, we argue, is fatally, tragically flawed: Obesity is not an energy balance disorder, but a hormonal or constitutional disorder, a dysregulation of fat storage and metabolism, a disorder of fuel-partitioning. Because these hormonal responses are dominated by the insulin signaling system, which in turn responds primarily (although not entirely) to the carbohydrate content of the diet, this thinking is now known as the carbohydrate-insulin model. Its implications are simple and profound: People don’t get fat because they eat too much, consuming more calories than they expend, but because the carbohydrates in their diets — both the quantity of carbohydrates and their quality — establish a hormonal milieu that fosters the accumulation of excess fat.
The Evolution of Trust
Game theory explanations
Adult Learning Theories Every Instructional Designer Must Know
Theory of Change - Thunder Valley CDC
Theory of Change – Development Impact and You
Theory of Change | STRIVE
The Considered_ approach to Behavioural Innovation Part 01 | LinkedIn
The framework comprises 6 key stages. Each building on the insights of the previous and each with its own objectives, tools and resources: 1. What - are the target behaviours? 2. Who - should we focus our resource on? 3. Why - do/don’t those people manifest the target behaviours? 4. How - can we empower people to change? 5. So What? To what extent were our interventions effective? 6. What Now? How do we apply our learnings at scale?
CBE: A Framework to Guide the Application of Marketing to Behavior Change - Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Timo Dietrich, Julia Carins, 2021
Nudge plus: incorporating reflection into behavioral public policy | Behavioural Public Policy | Cambridge Core
Changing behaviour, ‘more or less’: do implementation and de-implementation interventions include different behaviour change techniques? | Implementation Science | Full Text
There were some significant differences between BCTs reported in implementation and de-implementation interventions suggesting that researchers may have implicit theories about different BCTs required for de-implementation and implementation. These findings do not imply that the BCTs identified as targeting implementation or de-implementation are effective, rather simply that they were more frequently used. These findings require replication for a wider range of clinical behaviours. The continued accumulation of additional knowledge and evidence into whether implementation and de-implementation is different will serve to better inform researchers and, subsequently, improve methods for intervention design.
A 50-year review of psychological reactance theory: Do not read this article. - PsycNET
Psychological reactance theory (PRT; Brehm, 1966) posits that when something threatens or eliminates people’s freedom of behavior, they experience psychological reactance, a motivational state that drives freedom restoration. Complementing recent, discipline-specific reviews (e.g., Quick, Shen, & Dillard, 2013; Steindl, Jonas, Sittenthaler, Traut-Mattausch, & Greenberg, 2015), the current analysis integrates PRT research across fields in which it has flourished: social psychology and clinical psychology, as well as communication research.
How I narrowly avoided an identity crisis: behavioral science vs. human-centered design | by Allison Wishner | Feb, 2021 | Medium
The Idea Adoption Curve – Stratechery by Ben Thompson
The key in all this is crossing the chasm—performing the acts that allow the first shoots of that mainstream market to emerge. This is a do-or-die proposition for high-tech enterprises; hence it is logical that they be the crucible in which “chasm theory” is formed. But the principles can be generalized to other forms of marketing, so for the general reader who can bear with all the high-tech examples in this book, useful lessons may be learned.
Fighting climate change with behavioural insights | UBC Sauder School of Business
SHIFT is an acronym for five psychological factors that make consumers more inclined to engage in pro-environmental behaviours: social influence, habit formation, individual self, feelings and cognition, and tangibility.
Learning from Behavioural Changes That Fail: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
The behavioural change enterprise disproportionately focuses on promoting successes at the expense of examining the failures of behavioural change interventions. We review the literature across different fields through a causal explanatory approach to identify structural relations that impede (or promote) the success of interventions. Based on this analysis we present a taxonomy of failures of behavioural change that catalogues different types of failures and backfiring effects. Our analyses and classification offer guidance for practitioners and researchers alike, and provide critical insights for establishing a more robust foundation for evidence-based policy. Behavioural change techniques are currently used by many global organisations and public institutions. The amassing evidence base is used to answer practical and scientific questions regarding what cognitive, affective, and environment factors lead to successful behavioural change in the laboratory and in the field. In this piece we show that there is also value to examining interventions that inadvertently fail in achieving their desired behavioural change (e.g., backfiring effects). We identify the underlying causal pathways that characterise different types of failure, and show how a taxonomy of causal interactions that result in failure exposes new insights that can advance theory and practice.
Investigating which behaviour change techniques work for whom in which contexts delivered by what means: Proposal for an international collaboratory of Centres for Understanding Behaviour Change (CUBiC) - Armitage - - British Journal of Health Psychology
Includes “periodic table“ of behavior change techniques
USING THE BEHAVIOUR CHANGE WHEEL FRAMEWORK WITHIN GENDER-FOCUSED INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES: A Field Guide
Bartosz Milewski's Programming Cafe | Category Theory, Haskell, Concurrency, C++
COVID-19 and behaviour change. A literature review. | LinkedIn
not really a lit review, but covers key behavior change concepts and how they can be applied to covid
Development and Testing of a Short Form of the Patient Activation Measure
The Patient Activation Measure is a valid, highly reliable, unidimensional, probabilistic Guttman‐like scale that reflects a developmental model of activation. Activation appears to involve four stages: (1) believing the patient role is important, (2) having the confidence and knowledge necessary to take action, (3) actually taking action to maintain and improve one's health, and (4) staying the course even under stress. The measure has good psychometric properties indicating that it can be used at the individual patient level to tailor intervention and assess changes. (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2004.00269.x)
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47+ Logic Model Templates – Free Word, PDF Documents
theory of change
Mapping the Landscape of Behavioral Theories: Systematic Literature Review
Computer Science: Algorithms, Theory, and Machines | Coursera
When Debunking Scientific Myths Fails (and When It Does Not): The Backfire Effect in the Context of Journalistic Coverage and Immediate Judgments as Prevention Strategy
Theory of change in ten steps
THE BEHAVIOURAL DRIVERS MODEL.pdf
A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR SOCIAL AND BEHAVIOUR CHANGE PROGRAMMING Corrected URL: https://www.unicef.org/mena/reports/behavioural-drivers-model
Social Influence Scale for Technology Design and Transformation | SpringerLink
a measurement instrument for evaluating susceptibility to seven social influence principles, namely social learning, social comparison, social norms, social facilitation, social cooperation, social competition, and social recognition
Dr. Elizabeth Sawin on Twitter: “If you feel like the world is going somehow in the 'wrong' direction, it may be worth thinking about how complex systems can be steered, and about how parts (even small under-resourced parts) can change wholes. A thread.“
Systems theory, rebalancing the whole
[Theory] Privacy, Free Speech, and 'Blurry-Edged' Social Networks by Lauren Amy Gelman :: SSRN
Week 2: theory
[Theory] Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’ | Pew Research Center
Week 2: Theory
Entertainment-Education and Health and Risk Messaging - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication
Looking at Spillovers in the Mirror: Making a Case for “Behavioral Spillunders” | Psychology
Behavioral spillovers refer to the influence that a given intervention targeting behavior 1 exerts on a subsequent, non-targeted, behavior 2, which may or may not be in the same domain (health, finance, etc.) as one another. So, a nudge to exercise more, for example, could lead people to eat more or less, or possibly even to give more or less to charity depending on the nature of the spillover. But what if spillovers also operate backward; that is, if the expectation of behavior 1 influences behavior 0 that precedes it? For example, a person may form an intention to exercise prompted by a policy intervention but overeat at present as a result. We define such a possibility as a “spillunder.” In the proposed article, we critically review the few papers that we have identified through a narrative literature review which have demonstrated spillunder effects to date, and we propose a conceptual framework.
What really influences our behaviours? | Oxfam Views & Voices
Theory of Change Training Curriculum | Food Security and Nutrition Network
Diverse guidance exists on how to best design and use a TOC. In this curriculum (Theory of Change: Facilitator’s Guide and all accompanying materials), we present one method that does its best to align to the requirements of creating a development hypothesis for Development Food Security Activities (DFSA) funded by USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP). Previous experience in program and TOC development, participant feedback from six years of TOPS workshops, and input from the FFP Monitoring and Evaluation Team all helped craft this curriculum. We update it each year to align to the most current FFP guidance for DFSA implementers and to share newly discovered training tips.
Embracing complex social problems | Emerald Insight
Why We Sometimes Make Decisions That Mystify Us : NPR
“I realized that when you're not in pain or cold or experiencing a powerful emotion like anger or fear, it's very difficult to imagine yourself in that situation,“ he says. This phenomenon can help us understand why we sometimes act in ways that mystify us, whether it's making an impulsive decision when we're hungry or freezing in a moment when we expected to be assertive. This week on Hidden Brain, we explore how certain situations cause us to become strangers to ourselves. We hear from people who can't reconcile the person they believe themselves to be with their actions while in the grip of an intense feeling. And we look at the deep psychological mystery that occurs during these moments: no matter how many times we discover the strangers living inside us, the next time always catches us by surprise.
How Curiosity Makes You Crave - Scientific American
Is it a behavior or is it an action? > by Brooke Tully
The Problem With Habits (and Why Most of Them Fail)
there is no clear consensus on how long it takes to form a habit is because this has nothing to do with the behavior pattern itself and everything to do with the underlying coherence of the values dictating that behavior.
Buster Benson on Twitter: “System 1 is the part of our brains that is fast, instinctual, and intuitive. It operates on the order of milliseconds.“ / Twitter
Extension of System 1/System 2 thinking model from a social ecological perspective - Systems 1-5
sicp interactive verisonsicp interactive verison
Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, 2e
very nice looking format of Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, 2e
The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation | The National Academies Press (free pdf)
Nearly every major challenge the United States faces—from alleviating unemployment to protecting itself from terrorism—requires understanding the causes and consequences of people’s behavior. Even societal challenges that at first glance appear to be issues only of medicine or engineering or computer science have social and behavioral components. Having a fundamental understanding of how people and societies behave, why they respond the way they do, what they find important, what they believe or value, and what and how they think about others is critical for the country’s well-being in today’s shrinking global world. The diverse disciplines of the social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences ―anthropology, archaeology, demography, economics, geography, linguistics, neuroscience, political science, psychology, sociology, and statistics―all produce fundamental knowledge, methods, and tools that provide a greater understanding of people and how they live.
Unsticking Stuck Mental Models: Adventures in Systems Change
A matter of habit: Recognizing the multiple roles of habit in health behaviour - Gardner - 2019 - British Journal of Health Psychology - Wiley Online Library
A habit is not necessarily a single action. Many behaviors that you may want to turn into habits have sub-actions involved in either instigating or executing the behavior. So there are a number of possible entry points to intervene to support the development of that habit.